1. Home
  2. Accreditation
  3. The 5 Steps to Risk Assessment Explained

The 5 Steps to Risk Assessment Explained

The 5 Steps to Risk Assessment Explained

In any industry, risk assessments are hugely important when it comes to creating a safe work environment. It’s also a legal requirement for employers and self-employed contractors to carry out risk assessments before beginning work that could present a health or safety risk. 

A good risk assessment will protect employees, contractors and the public from harm. It should identify hazards and put precautions in place to prevent accidents and ill-health in the workplace. 

To help contractors and organisations create safe workplaces, the Health and Safety Executive has outlined five steps they should follow when carrying out risk assessments.    

1: Identify the Hazards 

Identifying and locating any potential hazards is the first step when carrying out a risk assessment. Several different types of hazards should be considered. 

Physical risks include tripping or falling in the workplace, sustaining injuries when lifting heavy materials or working with dangerous machinery. There are also biological and chemical hazards to consider, such as asbestos, chemical cleaning products and infectious diseases. And risk assessments shouldn’t overlook psychosocial hazards that can affect individuals’ mental health and wellbeing, for example, stress, victimisation and excess workload. Every workplace is different, so the types of hazards you identify will depend on your industry and the specific site. 

You may be able to spot some physical hazards by simply walking around the workplace and taking note of anything that could cause harm. But to identify the not-so-obvious risks, you could look back over your records of accidents and ill-health to see if there are any patterns. Or, look through instruction manuals from products and equipment used in the workplace `— these can indicate any risks involved in working with these items. 

2: Decide Who Might Be Harmed and How 

Once you’ve identified the hazards in your workplace, you should consider why these hazards are harmful — what type of injuries or ill-health can they cause? Hazards may pose a single threat, or they may be harmful in more than one way. 

As well as detailing exactly how hazards can be harmful, risk assessments should identify who is at risk. This may be all those working on-site, particular groups of workers, visitors, or passers-by. Understanding who could be at risk will help individuals and organisations keep people safe.

3: Evaluate the Risks and Take Action to Prevent Them 

This stage is about taking action to create a safe work environment. Evaluate the likelihood and severity of risks and then put in place precautions and control measures. 

While you’re not expected to eliminate risk, as often this isn’t possible, you should take action proportionate to the level of risk. This means risks that pose a bigger threat should receive more extensive control measures than low-risk hazards. 

The actions taken during this stage could include trialling less risky equipment or products, restricting access to hazardous areas, offering effective health and safety training, and issuing protective equipment to employees and contractors. 

4: Record Your Findings 

Recording the findings of your risk assessment means you can use and review the assessment in the future. For employers with five or more staff, it’s also a legal requirement to document the findings of risk assessments and the action taken to reduce the level of risk. 

A written risk assessment provides proof that hazards were evaluated and appropriate action taken to reduce risk. This proof can protect your business from legal liability and may be useful when it comes to raising awareness amongst contractors and employees about the potential risks of a worksite. 

5: Review the Risk Assessment

Work environments are constantly changing — new people come and go, equipment and products are swapped and trialled, and new materials are introduced. And the more a workplace changes, the less relevant the risk assessment becomes. So to make sure risk assessments are up to date and inclusive of all potential hazards, they need to be reviewed and potentially updated every time there are significant changes in the workplace.  

CHAS can help contractors comply with health and safety regulations. Members will have access to health and safety training courses and can sign up for a free trial of CHAS RAMS, allowing them to create professional-looking Risk Assessments and Method Statements. Simply fill out our online registration form and become a CHAS member today. 

Related Articles:

Ten issues that will affect construction supply chains in 2022

CHAS highlights ten issues that will affect construction supply chains in 2022. 1: The Building Safety Bill The Building Safety Bill, which is currently in progress through Parliament, will modify the way some structures are built, maintained, and made safe. It includes regulatory reforms on fire safety and the quality of construction products as well...

Why fleet and driver safety shouldn’t be a lottery

Why fleet and driver safety shouldn’t be a lottery Do you play the National Lottery? Millions do and, every week, they buy a ticket in the hope of winning the jackpot. Yet the odds of doing that are a vanishingly small 1 in 45 million! And still millions of people think it might be them....

Certified Safe: Is There Value In The Prequalification of Contractors?

Certified Safe: Is There Value In The Prequalification of Contractors? Prequalification for contractors used to be a rarity — reserved only for the most complex projects and contract jobs. And it was uncommon to find them out of major branded or public sector work. Now, prequalifications are accepted as the normality of operating in the…

Menu
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

CHAS Elite
GET A QUOTE
To generate your CHAS Elite quote, please start by telling us how many employees you have.
The Common Assessment Standard

Prices from £629 Per Year*

*Prices Exclude VAT. CHAS uses a dynamic pricing system and prices vary depending on accreditation level and the number of employees your business has. A joining fee will be applicable for new members.
Overlay Image
CHAS Elite
GET A QUOTE
To generate your CHAS Elite quote, please start by telling us how many employees you have.
The Common Assessment Standard

Prices from £629 Per Year*

* CHAS uses a dynamic pricing system and prices vary depending on accreditation level and the number of employees your business has. A joining fee will be applicable for new members.
Request a Call Back
To arrange a call with our award team to learn more about The Common Assessment Standard, please complete the form below and we'll be in touch.

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
To arrange a call with our award team to learn more about The Common Assessment Standard, please complete the form below and we'll be in touch.

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Request a Call Back
To arrange a call with our award team to learn more about The Common Assessment Standard, please complete the form below and we'll be in touch.

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
To arrange a call with our award team to learn more about The Common Assessment Standard, please complete the form below and we'll be in touch.

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Arrange a call with one of our award winning team so we can learn more about your business and needs and verify your Checkatrade membership to activate your discount
Arrange a call with our team

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Arrange a call with one of our award winning team so we can learn more about your business and needs and verify your Checkatrade membership to activate your discount
Arrange a call with our team

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly
Request A Call Back
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Overlay Image
Request A Call Back
Complete the form below and a member of our award winning team will contact you shortly.
By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Request A Free Quote
Complete the form below and we'll pass your details across to Marsh Commerical, one of their agents will then give you a call.
CHAS is an Introducer Appointed Representative of Marsh Commercial, who is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.
Request A Free Quote
Complete the form below and we'll pass your details across to Marsh Commerical, one of their agents will then give you a call.
CHAS is an Introducer Appointed Representative of Marsh Commercial, who is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.
Arrange a call with one of our award winning team so you can claim 20% off your first year of CHAS membership thanks to Speedy Hire.
Arrange a call with our team

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

Arrange a call with one of our award winning team so you can claim 20% off your first year of CHAS membership thanks to Speedy Hire.
Arrange a call with our team

By submitting this form you confirm you are happy to be contacted by CHAS in accordance with our Privacy Policy

X CLOSE
Join our latest webinar regarding The Common Assessment Standard: How it could benefit your business. Presented by Alex Minett, Head of Product CHAS. 11am, 30th November 2021
X CLOSE
Join our latest webinar regarding The Common Assessment Standard: How it could benefit your business. Presented by Alex Minett, Head of Product CHAS. 11am, 30th November 2021